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YANGON/BANGKOK — Myanmar’s military on Feb. 1 detained State Counselor Aung San Suu Kyi and President Win Myint in the country’s first coup since 1988, bringing an end to a decade of civilian rule.
The Suu Kyi-led National League for Democracy had won a landslide in a general election in November. But the military has claimed the election was marred by fraud.
For all our coverage, visit our Myanmar Coup page.
Read our in-depth coverage:
— Myanmar allows Tinder but axes dissent havens Twitter, Facebook
— Myanmar’s parallel government grapples with foreign investment dilemma
— Japan ready to freeze all Myanmar development aid: Motegi
— Peninsula Hotels suspends $130m Yangon project for a year
— Suu Kyi’s NLD party under threat to be disbanded
— Myanmar junta plans restricted ‘intranet’ to silence opposition
Follow the latest developments here (Yangon time):
Wednesday, May 26
10:30 p.m. Japan is poised to allow Myanmar citizens to legally stay in the country even after their visas have expired, in response to deteriorating conditions in the Southeast Asian nation following its February coup.
The exemption would apply to Myanmar students and technical interns who could face trouble returning home. If they wish, they will be able to study or work here for another six or 12 months, under plans outlined by Japan’s Immigration Services Agency on Wednesday to ruling Liberal Democratic Party lawmakers.
8:00 p.m. Myanmar’s National Unity Government, a parallel government set up by lawmakers elected in November’s general election, has had to adopt a more realistic approach to the way companies like Norway’s Telenor and the investment community conduct business.
“The military has been using various means to threaten and extort money,” Tu Hkawng, the NUG’s environment and natural resources minister, tells Nikkei Asia in an interview from an undisclosed location. “Companies such as Telenor have no choice but to follow these instructions due to security concerns.” Read the full article here.
4:00 p.m. Yangon, the largest city and commercial hub of Myanmar, will face more bomb attacks in the coming days and weeks, sources told Nikkei Asia.
There were at least five incidents on Tuesday alone, with one at a wedding in Thingangyun Township where four people, including the bride, were reportedly killed by a bomb hidden in a present for the couple. No one has claimed responsibility for the attack. Unconfirmed reports on social media suggest the couple or some of the wedding attendees were close to the junta.
Sources told Nikkei that Yangon’s administrative offices and schools, where security forces can be targeted, are likely to see more attacks.
Fighting is also ongoing between the military and the People’s Defence Force — a resistance group against the junta — in Kayah State bordering Thailand, after days of battle in Mindat, the city of Chin State by India.
Nation faces its ‘darkest hour,’ opposition minister says
Tuesday, May 25
9:30 p.m. Myanmar faces “the darkest hour in our history,” Dr. Sasa, minister of international cooperation for the junta opposition National Unity Government, tells the U.K. Parliament’s Foreign Affairs Committee in a video meeting.
Sasa outlines four goals for the unity government, beginning with the “total eradication of military dictatorship once and for all.” He adds that the government is “inviting everyone to come together under that umbrella.”
The second goal is “the complete nullification of the 2008 constitution created by the military generals, for the military generals,” Sasa says. It also seeks to abolish the 1982 citizenship law, which has been blamed for providing a basis for the discrimination against Rohingya Muslims.
The third goal involves “building a federal democratic union of Myanmar for all people of Myanmar, including our Rohingya brothers and sisters,” he says, while the fourth calls for imagining a “people’s government.”
6:15 p.m. Nikkei Asia has obtained internet whitelists distributed by the junta to telecommunications companies. From Tinder to WhatsApp to CNN, over 1,200 sites and services are allowed. But Facebook and Twitter — both widely used by protesters — have been left off. Read the full story.
1:30 a.m. The United Nations General Assembly is expected to vote this week on a resolution that includes a call for an international arms embargo on Myanmar.
The vote was postponed last week.
Monday, May 24
11:50 p.m. The Foreign Correspondents’ Club of Thailand says it is “deeply concerned” about the arrest of Frontier Myanmar managing editor Danny Fenster.
“Before joining Frontier just before last November’s general election, Fenster worked for the independent news organization Myanmar Now,” the FCCT says in a statement posted on social media. “Both Frontier and Myanmar Now have produced courageous original reporting of exceptional quality in recent years.”
Separately, CNN reports that Danny Fenster’s brother, Bryan Fenster, said the journalist was flying home to the U.S. to see his parents when he was arrested.
American journalist detained in latest media arrest
7:00 p.m. Local media outlet Frontier Myanmar says its managing editor, Danny Fenster, has been arrested.
Fenster was “detained at Yangon International Airport this morning shortly before he was due to board a flight to Kuala Lumpur,” according to a Frontier Myanmar social media statement.
He is believed to have been transferred to Insein Prison in Yangon, the statement says, adding that Frontier Myanmar has no information on the reasons for his arrest and has been unable to contact him since this morning.
Fenster is said to hold U.S. citizenship, according to a source who spoke with Nikkei Asia. He ranks in the second-highest position in the editorial team.
3:00 p.m. Despite junta restrictions on media and internet access, ousted leader Aung San Suu Kyi knows the current situation her country is in, to some extent, from conversations with police officers, said Khin Maung Zaw, one of her lawyers who met her at the special court on Monday.
She is familiar with the Committee Representing Pyidaungsu Hluttaw and the National Unity Government, from speaking with the police, according to the lawyer. The committee and the unity government were set up after Suu Kyi’s arrest.
However, she did not offer any opinions as “she doesn’t have any broad and exact picture,” the lawyer said. In the meeting, Suu Kyi said “our party grew out of the people, so it will exist as long as people support it.”
It is unclear if she knows that the junta-appointed election commission last week suggested the possibility of dissolving her National League for Democracy.
Where Suu Kyi is now held has been kept a secret, even from her. Her lawyers told reporters that she does not know where she is being holed up now. Until Sunday, she was held at her house in Naypyitaw but was moved to another location a day ahead of the court hearing, according to the lawyers. Whether she has been taken back to her own house or kept in a different place is unknown.
1:32 p.m. Hundreds of thousands of students, including those in university, along with their teachers are set to boycott classes as the academic year begins on June 1. Their move is seen as a way to back up their slogan, “No need military slave education.” Read more.
12:00 p.m. Military spokesperson Zaw Min Tun tells Nikkei Asia that ousted leader Aung San Suu Kyi’s court hearing took place today at a “special court” set up near her house in the capital Naypyitaw from 10:30 a.m. to 11:00 a.m. It was the first time she has appeared in court since she was put under house arrest after the coup on Feb.1. Suu Kyi’s lawyer confirmed the court appearance. Five lawyers met Suu Kyi, ousted President Win Myint and Myo Aung, the detained chairman of the Naypyidaw Council, for 30 minutes each. “She looks healthy,” the lawyer said of Suu Kyi.
11:30 a.m. More than a hundred pro-democracy protesters stage a flash protest in Yangon, raising the flags of Palestine and Columbia in a show of solidarity to people in those countries as well as Rohingya, who for years have been oppressed in Myanmar, with many fleeing to neighboring countries.
Sunday, May 23
Clashes intensify in anti-junta conflicts
10:00 p.m. Fighters opposed to Myanmar’s military junta clash with troops in the east of the country, claiming to have killed more than 13 members of the security forces.
Members of the People’s Defense Force, set up since the coup, told the Irrawaddy news service that they had killed the security force members when they overran a police station near the town of Mobye.
An alliance of four ethnic armed groups which are also against the coup battled early Sunday with security forces in Muse, one of the main crossings to China, according to Myanmar media.
3:30 a.m. Myanmar’s national soccer team is in Japan for World Cup qualifiers.
The team arrived Saturday, according to the Japan Football Association. They will play against Japan next Friday in Chiba, in a match originally scheduled for March but delayed because of the coup and other reasons.
Saturday, May 22
11:00 p.m. Myanmar aims to create a “federal state based on multi-party democracy,” if possible “within a year,” junta leader Min Aung Hlaing tells a Hong Kong-based, Chinese-language broadcaster in an interview, according to media reports based on interview excerpts which aired today.
In the Phoenix Television interview, the general also says Suu Kyi is in good health and will appear in court in a few days.
Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy is accused by the junta of engaging in voter fraud during last year’s general election — allegations Min Aung Hlaing reiterates in the interview excerpt. This accusation is disputed in a recent report by The Asian Network for Free Elections.
The National Unity Government, formed in opposition to the coup, has put forward its own proposal for a federal democracy.
Friday, May 21
10:45 p.m. The United Nations says it is alarmed at the violence in Chin State, in the country’s northwest, after reports of indiscriminate attacks by security forces leading to the deaths of civilians and the displacement of thousands.
Heavy fighting in the town of Mindat since May 12 has forced nearly 4,000 to flee their homes, the U.N. in Myanmar says.
“The United Nations calls on security forces to urgently take all necessary measures and precautions to spare civilians and civilian infrastructure, and to adhere to the fundamental principles of distinction, necessity, proportionality and protection,” it says in a statement.
10:30 p.m. Former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad speaks out on the Myanmar crisis on the second day of Nikkei’s Future of Asia conference.
“They see some instability in the country and think, by taking over power from the people, they can solve problems,” Mahathir said of military regimes like Myanmar’s. “Of course, that’s a wrong assumption. Once they take power, power corrupts.”
Read more of Nikkei Asia’s coverage of the meeting here.
4:00 p.m. The junta-appointed head of the Myanmar’s election commission suggests that Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy might be dissolved, news outlet Myanmar Now reports.
Commission chair Thein Soe reportedly tells a meeting in the capital Naypyitaw: “How shall we take action on the NLD party for their intentionally committed unlawful acts? Shall we dissolve the party? Shall we take action on the people who committed these acts of betraying the state?” He added that “we shall consider and carry out” any actions.
The junta has accused the NLD of fraud in the November election, which Suu Kyi’s party won in a landslide. The military has yet to provide evidence of any wrongdoing and the election commission at the time of the vote rejected the allegation.
Thein Soe spoke at the commission meeting attended by political party representatives. Among more than 90 parties registered, 59 parties attended. The NLD did not.
12:56 p.m. News outlet Myanmar Now says on Twitter that the country’s junta-appointed election commission will dissolve Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy party because of what it called electoral fraud.
12:20 a.m. Japan will consider cutting off all official development assistance to Myanmar, even for ongoing projects, if the situation there does not improve, Foreign Minister Toshimitsu Motegi tells Nikkei in an interview.
“We don’t want to do that at all, but we have to state firmly that it will be difficult to continue under these circumstances,” Motegi says. “As a country that supported Myanmar’s democratization in various ways, and as a friend, we must represent the international community and convey that clearly.” Read more.
Thursday, May 20
10:45 p.m. “The path back to normalcy in Myanmar will be long and difficult” despite last month’s special Association of Southeast Asian Nations summit, Heng Swee Keat, Singapore’s deputy prime minister, tells Nikkei’s Future of Asia conference on Thursday
“ASEAN member states have consistently stressed that engagement, rather than isolation, will go further in resolving the current crisis,” says Heng, who is seen as a contender to become Singapore’s next prime minister.
Former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad says a carrot-and-stick approach is needed from the international community to improve the situation in Myanmar.
Meanwhile, Thai Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha does not comment on the Myanmar coup — the region’s most pressing matter — in his first appearance at the annual conference.
10:30 p.m. PetroChina International Singapore supplied jet fuel to Myanmar in April, Reuters reports, citing government import data.
7:30 p.m. As fighting intensifies between local armed forces and the military in Myanmar’s western state of Chin, at least 3,000 people living in towns have escaped to the jungle. Water supply interruptions and the military’s occupation of residential areas are said to be factors of these evacuations.
6:00 p.m. The Myanmar Agricultural Development Bank is offering farmers loans from May 26 to Sept. 30 for the coming monsoon season, according to an official advertisement in Thursday’s edition of Global New Light of Myanmar, the state-owned newspaper.
It advises farmers to contact bank branches “as soon as possible in order to pay off old loans and get new loans.” The advertisement comes ahead of the rice planting season.
Myanmar’s economy has been struggling since the Feb. 1 coup, particularly with less cash available in banks and in general circulation. Though there are doubts over whether MADB is able to disperse those loans should farmers take up the offer, the ad is seen as the junta’s way of shoring up confidence in food supplies.
The United Nations World Food Program recently warned that, over the next six months, up to 3.4 million more people in Myanmar will suffer from hunger, especially in cities, because of the coup.
In the same edition of the newspaper, there was another official ad warning owners of restaurants and eateries that they were “responsible for collecting commercial tax from their customers.” Many restaurants and coffee shops have not collected the tax as a way of showing support for protesters.
3:30 p.m. Local media outlet Irrawaddy reports that the age limit of 65 years for the posts of commander-in-chief and deputy commander-in-chief have been lifted, paving the way for incumbent military chief Min Aung Hlaing to remain in his position. His term was expected to end in July when he will turn 65. The report says the change was implemented by the Defense Department Council just days after the military coup on Feb. 1.
2:45 a.m. Myanmar will send a military delegation on a visit to Moscow on Thursday, led by Air Force chief Maung Maung Kyaw, The Moscow Times reports, citing a Myanmar Embassy representative.
Maung Maung Kyaw is the target of Western sanctions over his involvement in the Feb. 1 coup.
1:30 a.m. Two diplomats at Myanmar’s Embassy in Tokyo were dismissed by the junta after they joined a boycott in opposition to the military takeover, Kyodo reports, citing diplomatic sources.
If confirmed, this would mark the latest reprisal by the junta against members of the diplomatic corps who have voiced support for ousted leader Aung San Suu Kyi. Myanmar’s ambassadors to the United Nations and to the U.K. have already run afoul of the junta.
Myanmar’s junta-controlled foreign ministry revoked the two diplomats’ passports and access to the embassy compound where they had been living until early March, Kyodo reports.
Wednesday, May 19
10:50 p.m. UNICEF says it is aware of media reports that soap bars and cloth masks supplied by the United Nations children’s aid agency have allegedly been used by local militias to recruit civilians in Myanmar’s Kachin state.
UNICEF supplies are “distributed for the express purpose of promoting the health and well-being of children and the use of these supplies for any other purpose is unacceptable,” according to a statement.
Exports from US plunged 60% after coup, data shows
7:00 p.m. Unsurprisingly, Myanmar’s international trade started shrinking in the month of February, preliminary trade data obtained by Nikkei Asia shows.
Total exports to Myanmar from eight trading partners — including the U.S., Canada and New Zealand — fell 38% on the year in February, while their imports from Myanmar dipped 9%, according to trade statistics reported to the United Nations. These eight nations usually make up roughly one-tenth of Myanmar’s total trade.
Of the eight partners, the U.S. retreated the farthest. Its exports to Myanmar contracted 60% and its imports from there shrank 12%, owing to Washington’s relatively quick imposition of sanctions. With other countries following suit and the U.S. introducing additional sanctions in later weeks, trade figures for March and April are expected to show sharper contractions, reflecting further damage to the military-run economy.
6:00 p.m. App-based food delivery service provider Foodpanda remains committed to Myanmar despite the ongoing political unrest that has disrupted internet services in the country, the company’s chief executive tells Nikkei Asia. Read more.
Tuesday, May 18
7:30 p.m. A United Nations General Assembly vote on a draft resolution calling for the suspension of arms supplies to Myanmar has been postponed, according to a U.N. diplomat.
A spokesman for the General Assembly president had said on Monday that a vote on the draft resolution was due on Tuesday. Some diplomats said the vote had been delayed in a bid to win more support, according to Reuters.
Yangon official shot after mysterious bombings
3:00 p.m. Local media report that two bombs exploded this morning around 5:40 a.m. near a ward administrator’s office in downtown Yangon, injuring two security officers. The newly appointed ward administrator, who came to check the scene, was shot dead en route; his body was discovered with a gunshot wound to the head. It remains unclear who was responsible for the explosions and the shooting.
According to Yangon residents, there have been no major pro-democracy protests on streets in the past three days, while bombings are becoming more frequent. Though most say they still believe in peaceful demonstrations, youth sentiment in particular appears to be shifting toward at least considering armed rebellion as the only hope for ending the junta’s rule.
The military has killed over 800 people and arrested more than 5,200 since the Feb. 1 coup, according to the latest tally by the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners (AAPP) activist group.
1:00 a.m. The United Nations General Assembly will vote Tuesday on a draft resolution seeking an international arms embargo on Myanmar.
The resolution, to be put before all U.N. member states, “calls for an immediate suspension of the direct and indirect supply, sale or transfer of all weapons, munitions and other military-related equipment to Myanmar,” according to a draft published online.
The resolution, which does not use the word “coup,” calls on Myanmar’s armed forces “to respect the will of the people as freely expressed by the results of the general election of 8 November 2020, to end the state of emergency, to respect all human rights of all the people of Myanmar and to allow the sustained democratic transition of Myanmar.”
12:20 a.m. More on the 16 officials targeted in a new round of U.S. sanctions: Besides four members of the State Administrative Council — the junta government — the list includes key figures in carrying out Myanmar’s economic and monetary policy.
One of them is Than Nyein, who was installed by the junta as central bank governor after the Feb. 1 coup.
Commerce Minister Pwint San and Win Shein — the minister for planning, finance and industry — have been sanctioned as well, according to a Treasury Department statement.
The list also includes two adult children of State Administrative Council member Gen. Maung Maung Kyaw and one of Adm. Tin Aung San. These two junta figures were themselves blacklisted in February.
Monday, May 17
US sanctions junta itself in latest move with allies
10:30 p.m. The Biden administration has added Myanmar’s State Administrative Council — the body created by the junta to replace the ousted government — to a list of U.S. sanctions targets.
“Today, the United States is announcing new sanctions against Burma’s military regime in response to its continued violence and repression against the people of Burma, most recently in Mindat, Chin State, and its failure to take any steps to restore Burma’s democratic transition,” Secretary of State Antony Blinken says in a statement.
Sixteen officials have also been added to the U.S. list. They include technocrats and civilians in charge of economic ministries and the central bank, according to a Treasury Department statement. All property and interests in property of those people named in the United States, or in the possession or control of U.S. persons, are blocked.
A U.S. analyst says it is “highly unusual to sanction the council as an entity but leave some names out including foreign minister.”
The U.S. move is part of coordinated new sanctions actions with the U.K. and Canada. The U.K. announces sanctions on Myanmar Gems Enterprise, a state-owned firm now under the junta’s control. Canada sanctioned 16 individuals and 10 entities.
9:30 p.m. The U.K. announces sanctions on Myanmar Gems Enterprise, a distributor of jade and other precious stones that has already been blacklisted by the U.S.
6:00 p.m. The 2020 Myanmar general election reflected “the true will of the electorate,” according to a final comprehensive report by The Asian Network for Free Elections, an international monitoring group, which counters the junta’s allegation of electoral fraud.
ANFREL says it hopes Myanmar will “soon return on the rightful path to an elected civilian government.”
The report, titled “The 2020 Myanmar General Elections: Democracy Under Attack,” is available in English and in Burmese.
3:30 p.m. The Mindat People’s Administration announces on Facebook that fighting between the Chinland Defense Force (CDF) — a newly formed ethnic militia — and the military is ongoing in the western state of Chin, bordering India. The administration is acting as the CDF’s political unit. It added in its post that seven locals had been killed during the recent fighting. The State Administration Council, as the junta is formally known, declared martial law in the northwestern town of Mindat on Thursday.
Miss Myanmar urges everyone to speak out
10:30 a.m. Thuzar Wint Lwin, Myanmar’s Miss Universe contestant, who has made it to the finals, used the pageant on Sunday to urge the world to speak out against the military junta. “Our people are dying and being shot by the military every day,” she said in a video message for the competition in Hollywood, Florida, according to Reuters. “I would like to urge everyone to speak about Myanmar. As Miss Universe Myanmar since the coup, I have been speaking out as much as I can,” she said.
Sunday, May 16
10:10 a.m. During a special Mass for the Myanmar community in Italy, Pope Francis says the people of the country must not despair in the face of evil or allow themselves to be divided. “Your beloved country of Myanmar is experiencing violence, conflict and repression,” the pope said at St. Peter’s Basilica. He urged drawing inspiration from the final hours of Jesus Christ. Francis visited Myanmar in 2017 and has been outspoken against the junta since the Feb. 1 coup. The predominantly Buddhist country is home to fewer than 800,000 Roman Catholics.
3:20 a.m. A total of 63 people have been killed in recent attacks by junta opponents, according to junta spokesman Zaw Min Tun. “Terrorists are planting bombs in public areas and there are some injuries among the people,” he told a news conference, while asking for information on the attackers.
Saturday, May 15
11:45 p.m. Fighting breaks out between the army and local militia fighters in the northwestern town of Mindat, residents say, in some of the heaviest fighting since the military seized power three months ago.
The fighting underlines the growing chaos as the junta struggles to impose order in the face of daily protests, strikes and sabotage attacks after it overthrew Suu Kyi.
“We are running for our lives,” a resident tells Reuters from Mindat, a hill town just over 100 km from the border with India.
“There are around 20,000 people trapped in the town, most of them are kids, old people,” the resident says. “My friend’s three nieces were hit by shrapnel. They are not even teens.”
The junta imposed martial law in Mindat on Thursday and then stepped up attacks on what it called “armed terrorists.”
9:10 p.m. Sai Kan Nyunt, a member of Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy, has been found dead with many stab wounds, according to local media reports.
To catch up on earlier developments, see the last edition of latest updates.